Original Research 


Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat

Anusha Prabhakaran, Jagdish Varma, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Kesha Shah, Jaydeepsinh Makwana.

Abstract
Introduction: Earlier studies in Gujarat have found that alcohol users were likely to have had more hospital admissions in the past 3 months and the past year for self and for family members. This study was done to assess prevalence of self-reported drinking, alcohol use profile in terms of demography, lifetime drinking history, current pattern of alcohol use, motivation to drink and motivation to quit among patients hospitalized in a tertiary care center for other medical conditions and to compare alcohol use profile of drinkers with varying severity of alcohol use.
Materials and methods: Inpatients from surgical, medical and orthopedic wards were approached for inclusion in a cross-sectional survey. Survey consisted of socio-demographic details, a questionnaire adapted from Comprehensive Drinker profile, Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and CAGE questionnaire.
Results: Out of the 514 inpatients, 60 fulfilled the inclusion criteria (adults admitted in surgical, medical and orthopedic wards and self-reported history of alcohol use in the last month to the treating doctor at the time of admission), of which 50 (incl. 5 females) consented to participate in the study. Even though anonymity and confidentiality were assured many felt offended about questions on alcohol use. Study population represented mainly married, middle-aged, Hindu males, having primary or secondary level of education. Mean age at first drink was 21±5 years [Range 15 to 30 years]. Forty-eight percent reported using country liquor and 52% reported using ‘Indian made foreign liquor (IMFL)’ of various types. Only 24% participants used alcohol at home. Feeling relaxed was the most commonly reported positive effect of alcohol (86%). Mean age of onset for those having AUDIT score>=8 was 23.4 years compared to 26 years for those having AUDIT score 0-7.
Conclusions: Stigma exists regarding revealing alcohol use, especially in females. Mean age of onset of drinking is higher compared to states without prohibition. Those having higher severity of alcohol use had a lower mean age of alcohol use. Country liquor and Indian made foreign liquor are equally consumed, mostly outside home, with peers and for feeling relaxed.

Key words: Alcohol use; AUDIT; Comprehensive Drinker Profile; Rural; Gujarat


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Prabhakaran A, Varma J, Ganjiwale J, Shah K, Makwana J. Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat. JHSPE. 2021; 1(1): 14-22. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756


Web Style

Prabhakaran A, Varma J, Ganjiwale J, Shah K, Makwana J. Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat. http://www.jhspe.in/?mno=90323 [Access: November 13, 2021]. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Prabhakaran A, Varma J, Ganjiwale J, Shah K, Makwana J. Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat. JHSPE. 2021; 1(1): 14-22. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Prabhakaran A, Varma J, Ganjiwale J, Shah K, Makwana J. Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat. JHSPE. (2021), [cited November 13, 2021]; 1(1): 14-22. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756



Harvard Style

Prabhakaran, A., Varma, . J., Ganjiwale, . J., Shah, . K. & Makwana, . J. (2021) Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat. JHSPE, 1 (1), 14-22. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756



Turabian Style

Prabhakaran, Anusha, Jagdish Varma, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Kesha Shah, and Jaydeepsinh Makwana. 2021. Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat. Journal of Health Sciences and Professions Education, 1 (1), 14-22. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756



Chicago Style

Prabhakaran, Anusha, Jagdish Varma, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Kesha Shah, and Jaydeepsinh Makwana. "Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat." Journal of Health Sciences and Professions Education 1 (2021), 14-22. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Prabhakaran, Anusha, Jagdish Varma, Jaishree Ganjiwale, Kesha Shah, and Jaydeepsinh Makwana. "Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat." Journal of Health Sciences and Professions Education 1.1 (2021), 14-22. Print. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Prabhakaran, A., Varma, . J., Ganjiwale, . J., Shah, . K. & Makwana, . J. (2021) Alcohol use profile in hospitalized patients at a tertiary care center in rural Gujarat. Journal of Health Sciences and Professions Education, 1 (1), 14-22. doi:10.5455/jhspe.20210624080756